Though based on Linux, Android has diverged a long way. Anbox bridges the divide to allow Linux to run Android applications, much like WINE seeks to do for Windows.
Anbox Application Manager home window.
First, repositories and prerequisites:
The last command should return data for the newly-created /dev/binder and /dev/ashmem loadable modules.
To install Anbox proper:
At this point, Anbox is installed and will appear in the applications list as Anbox Application Manager. As it does not come with an internal installation utility, apps must be download as .APK files and added through the Android development tools.
Anbox must be running for ADB to install apps on it.
Once installed, the app immediately appears in the open Anbox window. It may be inflexible with regards to mouse clicks and window size, and hardware or software dependencies may show up. For non-touchscreen devices, two-finger scrolling comes in handy. The basic applications I have tested so far behaved decently.